Hanoi is the second-largest city in Vietnam with a total land area of 3,329 km². Hanoi has a long history dating back 3,000 BC. It has had several names from the ancient Thăng Long period to the French occupation in the 1870s. The charming capital is home to about 7.7 million people of different faiths and ethnicities. The city enjoys a warm humid subtropical climate with four distinct seasons: summer (May-August), fall (September-October), winter (November-January) and spring (February-April).
Hanoi earned its nickname, the Paris of the East, from the picturesque tree-lined boulevards adorned with French-style villas and buildings. Visitors can enjoy the serenity by one of Hanoi’s many lakes with a good book and brewed coffee. The city is truly a beautiful infusion of Eastern and Western cultures. Many of the relics from ancient dynasties survived wars and the wear and tear of time. Grand Opera House, Hotel Metropole and Hanoi Museum are just some of its famous landmarks.
Ninh Binh is located to the south of the Northern Delta, between the Red and Ma rivers, about 90 km away from Ha Noi to the south. The area’s topography comprises three different types of landscapes: wetlands, coastal delta, hills and mountains.
With a deeply rooted history and cultural tradition, the people of Ninh Binh are traditionally very industrious, hard working, studious, kind, patriotic and particularly hospitale.
About cultural heritage, Ninh Binh is home to over 1000 cultural relics including 2 special national relics, 79 relics at national level, 183 relics at the provincial level and 114 traditional festivals. Ninh Binh is famous for some cultural and historical relics of Hoa Lu ancient citadel as world cultural heritage and Trang An cave as world natural heritage.
Ha Long bay
Ha Long Bay covers an area of 1,553 sq. km with 1,969 islands, of which 90% are limestone islands. Ha Long Bay’s center area was recognized as a world heritage area by UNESCO and covers an area of 434 sq. km, including 775 islands, of which 411 are named. It is bound by Dau Go island ( in the west), Dau Be island (in the south) and Cong Tay island (in the east).
A buffer zone lies around the World Heritage Area, the width is about 5 – 7 km from the protection line to the sea , on moving scale of 1-2 km. The name Ha Long is literally translated as “Descending Dragons”, prior to the 19th century, this name was not recorded in any documents or archives. Not until the late 19th century did the name Ha Long Bay appear on the Bac Bo Gulf (Tonkin Gulf) chart of the French.